District Profile

The district Ballia has a total reported area 299265 ha. out of which 215498 ha,(72%)is net sown area,42989 ha.(14.36%) under land utilized other than agriculture, 22419 ha.(7.49%) current and other fallow,1248 ha.(0.4%) cultivable waste land and 5792 ha.(1.94%) only under orchard, tree and shrubs with least forest land. The land under cultivable waste land , current and other fallow, Usar and uncultivable lands contributes about 13.58 per cent of total reported area is task for KVK to brings land under cultivation in coming future.

Total net sown area covers 74.99, 83.33 and 3.0 per cent in Kharif, Rabi and Zaid crop, respectively with 79.58 per cent irrigated area.This needs attention to increase the cropped area especially in Zaid. The total 171485 ha.(79.58%) of net sown area are irrigated, out of which major area (76.42%) irrigated with private tube well under sure irrigation which is more potential for diversification.


Holding Size

The average holding size of semi marginal, marginal and small farmers are only 0.26,0.72 and 1.31 ha.

Category Average Holding Size Percentage of Holders
Less than 0.5 ha. 0.26 61.82
0.5-1.0 ha. 0.72 18.64
1.0-2.0 ha. 1.31 11.41
2.0-4.0 ha. 2.68 5.77
4.0-10.0 ha. 5.54 2.14
More than 10.0 ha. 14.78 0.22

Respectively and they needs proper attention for diversified and integrated farming system to enhance the income.

About 30 per cent area of the district is affected every year by low, medium and high flood, which caused miseries to animals and human population. The productivity of this area is also affected adversely due to floods needs attention. The large area of the district is under wheat followed by Paddy, Lentil, Potato, pigeon, Chick pea, Field pea, Sugarcane and Maize. Very limited area is covered under Oil seeds and Zaid Urd and Moong. The cropping intensity of the district is only 160.6 percent needs attention to increase. Mixed farming is very common practice among the marginal and small farmers because of CDR system with unorganized form also needs help to organize form through training, demonstration and exposure visit of success stories. The district is in progressive stage for vegetable cultivation mainly for onion, chilli, potato, Parval, vegetable pea, brinjal, tomato and cauliflower along with okra, muskmelon and watermelon in Zaid season. The fruit orchard especially mango, jack fruit, guava, papaya, banana and Aonla are existing in scattered places in unorganized form. Indigenous (Ganga Teeri) non- descript and cross breed cows and buffaloes in large numbers are reared by farmers. The district has also very good scope for goat, Poultry, sheep and pig forming looking of their population. The potential of fish forming has also can take a good income source due to large water bodies / ponds / river Ganga, Ghagara, Tounce and other small tributaries existing in the district.


Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

Category Enterprises Contribution of different enterprises (P/S/T/Q) towards annual income of family
Large Agriculture AES-1 : P
AES-2 : P
AES-3 : P
AES-4 : P
AES-5 : P
Horticulture AES-1 : Q
AES-2 : Q
AES-3 : S
AES-4 : Q
AES-5 : S
Animal Husbandry AES-1 : S
AES-2 : S
AES-3 : Q
AES-4 : S
AES-5 : Q
Agriculture Labour AES-1 : -
AES-2 : -
AES-3 : -
AES-4 : -
AES-5 : -
Nonfarm Activity AES-1 : T
AES-2 : T
AES-3 : T
AES-4 : T
AES-5 : T
Small Agriculture AES-1 : T
AES-2 : P
AES-3 : S
AES-4 : P
AES-5 : S
Horticulture AES-1 : P
AES-2 : T
AES-3 : P
AES-4 : T
AES-5 : P
Animal Husbandry AES-1 : S
AES-2 : S
AES-3 : T
AES-4 : S
AES-5 : T
Agriculture Labour AES-1 : Q
AES-2 : Q
AES-3 : Q
AES-4 : Q
AES-5 : Q
Nonfarm Activity AES-1 : -
AES-2 : -
AES-3 : -
AES-4 : -
AES-5 : -
Marginal Agriculture AES-1 : Q
AES-2 : T
AES-3 : Q
AES-4 : T
AES-5 : T
Horticulture AES-1 : T
AES-2 : Q
AES-3 : S
AES-4 : Q
AES-5 : P
Animal Husbandry AES-1 : P
AES-2 : S
AES-3 : T
AES-4 : P
AES-5 : Q
Agriculture Labour AES-1 : S
AES-2 : P
AES-3 : P
AES-4 : S
AES-5 : S
Nonfarm Activity AES-1 : -
AES-2 : -
AES-3 : -
AES-4 : -
AES-5 : -
Landless Agriculture AES-1 : -
AES-2 : -
AES-3 : -
AES-4 : -
AES-5 : -
Horticulture AES-1 : Q
AES-2 : Q
AES-3 : Q
AES-4 : Q
AES-5 : Q
Animal Husbandry AES-1 : S
AES-2 : S
AES-3 : S
AES-4 : S
AES-5 : S
Agriculture Labour AES-1 : P
AES-2 : P
AES-3 : P
AES-4 : P
AES-5 : P
Nonfarm Activity AES-1 : T
AES-2 : T
AES-3 : T
AES-4 : T
AES-5 : T

P: Primary
S: Secondary
T: Tertiary
Q: Quarternery

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

An attempt has been made to work out feasible extension strategy and research agenda needed for the district. Ballia falls under agro-climatic east plain zone of Uttar Pradesh characterized by semi dry medium moisture availability with 180–210 days growing season and sub-humid climate with two dry season i.e. summer and winter and erratic soil moisture regimes. A deep thought has also been given to intensively and divisively suitable / adoptable farming system in order to fully utilize the natural resource available at the command of the farmers. Taking a holistic approach district is divided into following agro-ecological situation (AES ) on the basis of soil type and irrigation facilities.


AES Characteristic Area (%) Representative Village Block
AES 1 Clay loam irrigated (Karail) 36.08 Sohaon Sohaon
AES 2 Loam Irrigated 23.69 Kiriharapur Sear
AES 3 Sandy loam irrigated 17.41 Deoli Dubahar
AES 4 Water logged 13.34 Hathaouse Maniar
AES 5 Flood prone 19.68 Maniar Maniar

Soil Type/s

The physiographic features are similar to that of associated soils of the Tarai Himalayas and Awed plains soil moisture regimes are ustic topic and soil temperature regime is hyperthermic. In ustic moisture regime soils have limited moisture with strong retaining capacity and readily available when required for plant growth. In these regimes the soils are formed by the weathered rock quartzite, phyllite and schist parent material with soil texture of clay loam Karail dominated (36.08%), loam (23.69), and sandy loam (17.41 %) are dominated in the district.


Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (q / ha)
1 Wheat 136832 3212160 23.48
2 Barley 6337 105110 16.59
3 Chick pea 3590 41700 11.62
4 Field pea 2487 29750 11.96
5 Rabi maize 7000 25000 35.71
6 Lentil 20212 256290 12.68
7 Rai / Mustard 879 8760 9.97
8 Linseed 01.0 - 1.3
9 Potato 7336 1633580 222.68
10 Sugar cane 8339 3031060 363.48
11 Tobacco 02.0 150 75.15
12 Rice 122943 2196240 17.86
13 Kharif Maize 24969 168040 13.67
14 Jowar 1557 17550 11.27
15 Bajara 1649 22230 13.48
16 Kharif Urd 10 20 2.37
17 Kharif Moong 09 20 2.34
18 Ground Nut 219 1460 6.68
19 Sunflower 6 100 16.70
20 Turmeric 02 30 18.09
21 Zaid Urd 11 50 4.90
22 Zaid Moong 249 1530 6.05
23 Zaid Maize 1254 17140 13.67
24 Pegion Pea 7939 51460 6.48

Weather data (Rainfall) (mm)

Month / Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Jan. 0.02 - - - 4.68 - - - - - 10.0
Feb. 0.01 5.33 - 11.47 - - - - - 15.3 54.0
March - - - 38.36 - - - - - - -
April. - - 0.60 - - - - - - 11.1 -
Mey - - 17.30 - 7.00 - - 15.56 - 27.5 -
Jun. 167.74 9.80 115.50 74.80 292.2 9.1 21.86 92.62 - 82.5 19.0
Jul. 190.84 250.62 174.20 255.10 292.7 72.36 136.00 92.55 - 68.5 149.0
Aug. 99.27 147.13 105.0 171.30 243.0 64.04 173.50 152.55 - 131.9 185.0
Sep. 9.67 63.00 - 179.00 43.4 28.04 101.06 61.42 267.3 67.4 98.0
Oct. - 11.90 - 11.47 - - - - 21.0 98.7 -
Nov. - - - - - - - - - - -
Dec. - - - - - - - - - - -
Total 467.55 487.78 412.60 730.03 882.98 173.54 432.42 414.7 288.3 502.9 515.0

Data presented in above table indicate that about 70 percent of the total annual rainfall is received in the summer monsoon during the period of July to September that coincides with the Kharif cropping period. July and August are the peak period of the rainfall. During winter and early summer months, westerly depressions cause light showers in the area are good for rabbi harvest. Generally a rainfall of less than 30 mm per month indicates a dry month, because this amount of rain may not break the crust and even reach the upper layer of the moisture control section of the soil. Hence based on these criteria for a dry month, the number of dry months in the region attains the order of 6 or more from October to May.


Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred 41762 74319 lt /day 7.0 lt/day/cow
Indigenous 221818 203772 lt /day 4.0 lt/day
Buffalo 186571 246157.5 lt/day 5.0 lt/day
Sheep
Crossbred 949 11.5 q. Wool / year 2.0 kg wool / sheep / year
Indigenous 17323 100.5 qu. Wool/year 1.5 kg wool/sheep/year
Goats 153667 461 qu. Meat/year 11.5 kg meat/goat
Pigs 28989 4032 qu. Meat/year 90 kg meat / pig
Crossbred 1102 220 qu. Meat/year 110 kg meat/ pig
Indigenous 27887 3812 qu. Meat/year 70 kg meat/ pig
Rabbits
Poultry
Hens 218034 5561 qu. Meat/year 1.0 kg meat /poultry
Fish 87.70 ha 11071.00 qt 126.24 qt / ha

Details of Operational area / Villages

S.N. Taluka / Tahsil Name of Block Name of Village Major Crop & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Indentified Thrust Areas
1 Sader Hanumanganj Basudevpur Pulse Disease & Insects Plant Protections
2 Rasara Rasara Shavarupur Wheat Local Varieties INM
3 Chilkahar Dumari Potato + Maize Disease & Insects Seed Replacement
4 Bansdeeh Berwarbari Sukhpura Paddy Local Varieties & Disease Cereal
5 Sadar Sohaon Piparakalla Paddy + Wheat Local Varieties & Disease Pulses